Moody's Investors Service, has assigned a 'Baa2' local and Foreign Currency issuer rating to Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd (HUDCO) with Stable Outlook. HUDCO's Baa2 rating is 2 notches higher than its ba1 BCA, because the rating includes uplift due to government support.
Moody's classifies HUDCO as a government-related issuer given its strong linkages with the government. The ba1 BCA reflects the fact that almost all lending is to entities owned by Indian state governments, resulting in a low credit risk business model. This is because a large portion of this lending has explicit guarantees from the state governments, as well as provision for loan servicing from the respective state budgets. The BCA also factors in the company's very high capital as well as strong profitability. Funding and liquidity are relative weaknesses, because the company is dependent on wholesale funding and holds almost no excess liquidity on its books.
Around 95% of its outstanding loans and 99% of fresh disbursements over last three years, have been to state government-owned entities. As of December 2018, around 87% of loans to state government-owned entities had a guarantee from the respective state government, and for 80% of these guaranteed-loans, loan repayments are part of the respective state government budgets. As a result of the above factors, the credit risk of the company is largely the credit risk of Indian state governments and much lower than
the credit risk at other rated Indian financials.
The company has strong capital, with Tangible Managed Equity(TCE)/managed assets of around 20%, while the reported capital adequacy ratio (CAR) is even higher at around 52.4%, both at end March 2018. The higher reported CAR is a result of its exposures to state government entities being risk-weighted at 20%. Although we expect strong loan growth at the company, its capital will remain high on an absolute basis and remain a key credit strength.
Profitability is strong, with a reported return on assets of around 1.8% for the year ending March 2018, and will further improve as the provisioning requirements for its legacy private sector loans runs off.
The company's healthy spreads are a result of charging the state government-owned entities, higher rates than those at which the state governments are able to borrow from the capital market through State Development Loans (SDL). Loans from Hudco to the
state government-owned entities, being largely guaranteed by state governments, are considered as off balance sheet borrowings
for the respective governments. The amount state governments can borrow is limited by the provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act. However, despite the guarantees, borrowing by the state government-owned entities from Hudco are not counted as part of the state government liabilities under FRBM. As a result, the state governments are incentivized to use Hudco as a funding agency, despite HUDCO's interest rate being higher than the rate applicable on SDLs. The business model of the company will be at risk if this treatment of off balance sheet liabilities of state governments is changed. At this moment, though, there is no visibility of that happening.
The key credit weakness of the company is its funding and liquidity management. Similarly to other finance companies, it is wholesale funded. Its status as a government-owned company results in very good access to domestic sources of wholesale funding, including from banks and the bond market.
The company holds almost no excess liquidity and it manages its liquidity by matching maturities of assets and liabilities. The company occasionally runs maturity mismatches in its short-term maturity buckets, although they are within the limits prescribed by its regulator.
The company's liquidity profile is supported by undrawn committed lines of credit from multiple domestic and international banks, and the aggregate amount of credit available is large relative to the size of the company's balance sheet.
Moody's has also assigned a Baa industry risk score to the industry that HUDCO operates in. While HUDCO lends to projects in housing finance and urban infrastructure, it lends only to state government-owned entities operating in this space, and enjoys explicit state government guarantees on a large portion of its loans. As a result, both industry and product risk are relatively low compared to the other lending segments in India. Further, lending to the state government-owned entities is only moderately competitive because the space is largely dominated by government related financial institutions.
Moody's incorporates a high level of government support into the rating, leading to a 2-notch uplift from its BCA of bat, for a final issuer rating of Baa2.
The government has a 90% shareholding in the company, and the entire board, including two government nominee directors, are nominated by the government. The government plays a key part in setting the strategic direction of the company, with the company signing an annual memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the government to agree upon its key objectives, including financial goals, for the year. Further, the company plays an important role in implementing some key government programs, including being one of the nodal agencies for credit linked subsidy scheme (CLSS) and Smart Cities scheme.
An upgrade of the ratings is unlikely, because HUDCO's issuer rating is already at the same level as the Government of India's sovereign rating (Baa2 Stable). Nevertheless, the company's BCA could be upgraded if there is a significant and sustained improvement in its liquidity profile, particularly an increase in excess liquidity on its balance sheet to buffer against potential adverse
Shares of Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd was last trading in BSE at Rs.44.65 as compared to the previous close of Rs. 46.05. The total number of shares traded during the day was 217037 in over 2629 trades.
The stock hit an intraday high of Rs. 46.2 and intraday low of 44.45. The net turnover during the day was Rs. 9772911.